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面对疫情、地震、火灾等应急事件,如何加强残疾人的应急避险管理ebet官网和权益保护?
——专访全国政协常委、中国残联主席张海迪

今年突如其来的新冠肺炎疫情给ebet官网国社会应急管理提出了巨大挑战。在疫情面前,生命十分脆弱,残疾人更是如此。ebet官网国有8500万残疾人,还有4000万失能和半失能老人。在全国两会期间,记者就如何应对突发公共卫生事件中残疾人面临的风险,专访了全国政协常委、中国残联主席张海迪。

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记者: 本次新冠肺炎疫情中,ebet官网国残疾人防疫的具体情况怎样?中国残联是如何掌握贫困残疾人基本需求和状况的?

张海迪: ebet官网在以习近平总书记为核心的党中央坚强领导下,ebet官网国家在疫情防控阻击战中取得了重大战略成果。习近平总书记十分牵挂残疾人等困难群体,强调“对因疫情防控在家隔离的孤寡老人、困难儿童、特困人员、残疾人等特殊群体,要落实包保联系人,加强走访探视,及时提供必要帮助。”各级党委和政府认真贯彻落实习近平总书记的指示精神,采取了许多措施,努力将疫情对残疾人的影响降至最低,帮助残疾人做好疫情防控工作。疫情发生之初,中国残联就要求各级残联组织充分发挥残联组织密切联系残疾人、了解残疾人基本状况的优势,根据残疾人生活生产实际情况,积极反映残疾人的困难和需求,协调解决残疾人面临的突出问题。ebet官网还针对盲人、聋人、精神残疾人和智力残疾人的特殊困难,及时编制视频、音频、手语、加配字幕的疫情防控知识宣传材料,为各类别困难残疾人提供力所能及的帮助。

YIQINGFASHENGYILAI,GEJICANLIAN、CANJIRENZHUANMENXIEHUIHEZHUCANSHEHUIZUZHIZAIGEDILIANFANGLIANKONGJIZHITONGYIBUSHUXIA,TONGGUOCANLIANZUZHIGONGZUOWANGLUO,JISHIZHANGWOJICENGCANJIRENDUIFANGYIWUZI、SHENGHUOWUZI、YIQINGFANGKONGZHISHIDENGFANGMIANDETESHUXUQIUHEQUEFAJIANHUHUOZHAOLIAODENGKUNNANQINGKUANG,JISHIXIANGYOUGUANBUMENFANYINGBINGXIEDIAOJIEJUE。BIRU,GEDIJISHIMOPAIJINGSHENCANJIRENYONGYAOXUQIU,ANPAISONGYAOSHANGMEN,QUANLIBAOZHANGTAMENYIQINGQIJIANYONGYAO。

HENDUODIFANGCANLIANKAITONGLECANJIRENXINLIYUANZHUREXIAN、JIANLIWANGSHANGKANGFUZHIDAOebetGUANWANG、TEBIESHICANJIERTONGKANGFUebetGUANWANGZHIDAO,ZUZHIJUANKUANJUANWU、TUIJINLUOSHIGEZHONGFEIYONGJIANMIANHEBUTIEDENG,JIJICANYUYIQINGFANGKONGGONGZUO。HENDUOCANJIRENFAYANGZILIZIQIANGJINGSHEN,YUQUANGUORENMINYIDAOKANGYI,SHOUWANGXIANGZHU,YONGXIANCHULEXUDUOGANRENDEGUSHI,BIRU,WUHANCANJIRENLIFASHISONGZHONGQIAOBUGUGERENANWEIZHIYUANWEI2400DUOWEIYIHURENYUANLIFA。

ebet官网ZAIYIQINGFANGKONGQIJIAN,WEICHIXUZHUAHAOPINKUNCANJIRENTUOPINGONGZUO,ebetGUANWANGYIQUANGUO3720WANCHIZHENGCANJIRENRENKOUKUWEIJICHU,YUGONGAN、MINZHENG、FUPIN、JIAOYU、RENSHEDENGXIANGGUANBUMENJIAQIANGSHUJUGONGXIANGYUBIDUIFENXI。LIYONG “CANJIRENTUOPINGONGJIANebetGUANWANGDITUAPP”,QUANMIANLEJIEJIANDANGLIKAWEITUOPINCANJIRENQUANGUOFENBUQINGKUANG,JINGZHUNZHANGWOZHONGDUCANJIRENJIATINGWUZHANGAIGAIZAO、WEIRUXUECANJIERTONG、YOUTUOYANGXUQIUCANJIRENDEXINXI,TUIJINCANJIRENJIATINGWUZHANGAIGAIZAOHEKANGFUebetGUANWANG。TONGGUODASHUJUHEDILIXINXIJISHUDEYINGYONG,TUIDONGLECANJIRENebetGUANWANGLUOSHI,QUEBAOPINKUNCANJIRENJIBENSHENGHUOBAOZHANG,WEIJINGZHUNSHICETIGONGYOULIDESHUJUZHICHENG。

ebet官网XIAYIJIEDUANebetGUANWANGJIANGJIXUYUNYONGHULIANWANG、DASHUJU、RENGONGZHINENGDENGJISHUSHOUDUAN,JIAQIANGDASHUJUDEKEXUEYANJIUYUFENXI,TUOZHANHULIANWANG+ZHUCANebetGUANWANG。TUIDONGDASHUJUYUCANJIRENSHIYESHENDURONGHE,ZAICHANGTAIHUAYIQINGFANGKONGZHONG,YOUXUZUOHAODUICANJIRENDEebetGUANWANGHEBAOZHANG。

记者: 与其他人相比,残疾人在疫情中有哪些特殊困难和风险?

张海迪: ebet官网在疫情中,残疾人面临的各种困难更大、风险更高。比如,如果不加配手语或字幕,有的听力语言残疾人就不能了解相关信息;一些行动不便的残疾人感染后就不能及时去就诊,特别是智力残疾人、精神残疾人等,就不能主动或准确表达他们自身的感染症状,如果监护人或者其他责任主体重视不够,就会延误受感染残疾人的救治时机。这些情况不仅威胁残疾人自身的生命安全,也会成为疫情防控工作的风险点。再就是一些残疾人规律性康复治疗可能被中断。疫情发生后,因为康复机构停业,导致大部分残疾人不能接受康复治疗。在疫情初期,还有部分残疾人特别是精神残疾人反映无法及时获得日常用药。还有些残疾人不能得到适宜的照护。处于监护状态的精神残疾人,一旦照护工作不到位,就会出问题。另外,残疾人和安置残疾人就业的企业也面临很多困难,有的停工,有的减产。虽然这是很多人都遇到的难题,但是残疾人的境遇更加困难。比如,在这次疫情发生后,几乎所有的盲人按摩诊所都停业了,许多残疾人的生计很艰难。希望这些问题引起政府部门、社会各界的高度重视和积极支持。

记者: 《政府工作报告》中强调生命至上,改革疾病预防控制体制,完善传染病直报和预警系统。请问您对此有何感想和建议?

张海迪ebet官网: 生命至上,每一个生命都是宝贵的。残疾人是ebet官网的兄弟姐妹,他们应当受到尊重和保护。ebet官网想就疫情防控中保护残疾人的权益提出几个建议:

YI、GEJIZHENGFUZAIWANSHANGONGGONGWEISHENGLIFAHEZHIDINGTUFAGONGGONGWEISHENGSHIJIANYINGJIFANGANSHI,YINGJIANGCANJIREN、ERTONGHELAORENDENGLIEWEIYOUXIANBAOHUDUIXIANG,QUEBAOZHONGDUCANJIREN、TESHUKUNNANCANJIRENJIATINGHECANJIRENJIZHONGDEDANWEINENGGOUDEDAOJISHIDEZHICHIHEBANGZHU。

ebet官网ER、YAOQUEBAOCANJIRENKEYIWUZHANGAIHUOQUXINXI。XINWENFABUHUIHEDIANSHIWANGLUOFABUTUFAGONGGONGWEISHENGSHIJIANXINXISHIYAOJIABOZIMU,JINKENENGJIAPEISHOUYU,YIYUANHEJIZHONGGELICHANGSUODENGYAOSHEZHIYUYIN、ZIMUDENGXINXITISHIZHUANGZHI。

SAN、GEDIJIANLIYINGJIZHONGXINSHI,YAOTEBIESHELICANJIRENTONGDAO,PEIBEISHOUYUFANYI、KANGFUZHUANYERENYUAN、XINLISHUDAOZHUANYERENYUANHEZHUCANZHIYUANZHE,PEIBEICANJIRENJINGCHANGSHIYONGDEFUZHUQIJU、WEISHENGYONGPINHEYAOPINDENGWUZI,WEICANJIRENTIGONGZUIYOUXIAODEebetGUANWANG。

SI、GEZHONGYINGJIJIUHUDUBENYINGJIARUCANJIGONGZUONEIRONG,XIANGCANJIREN、CANJIRENQINSHUHECANJIRENGONGZUOZHEJINXINGPUJIXUANCHUAN,ZENGQIANGZIebetGUANWANGFANGHUHEJIANKANGGUANLINENGLI。

记者: ebet官网国是自然灾害频发的国家之一,除了疫情防控,对于其他应急事件中保护残疾人权益您还有何建议?

张海迪: 不仅是疫情,在地震、海啸、泥石流、洪水、火灾、火山爆发等自然灾害面前,人类都会感到巨大的威胁,残疾人面对这一切处境就会更危险。因此,进一步加强对残疾人的应急避险管理与ebet官网,是十分必要的。在保护残疾人方面ebet官网提出以下建议:

YI、WANSHANCANJIRENYINGJIBIXIANebetGUANWANGFALVBAOZHANG。DANGQIANXIANGGUANBUMENZHENGZAITUIJINZHIDINGXIUDING《TUFASHIJIANYINGDUIFA》《JIANZHUFA》《DIANXINFA》《FANGZHENJIANZAIFA》DENGFALV,JIANYIZAIQIZHONGMINGQUECANJIRENDENGQUNTIDEJINJIBIXIAN、FANGZHIFANGHUHEWUZHANGAIHUANJINGebetGUANWANGNEIRONG。

ER、QUEBAOCANJIRENJISHIHUODEZIRANZAIHAIYUJINGFABU、JIUZHUDENGXINXI。XIANGGUANBUMENZUOCHUDEZAIHAIXINXIYUJINGFABU、YINGDUITUFASHIJIANDEJUEDING、MINGLING,YAOTONGGUOWENZI、SHENGYIN、SHOUYUDENGXINXIWUZHANGAIFANGSHIJISHIFABU;XIANGSHOUJIDENGGERENTONGXUNZHONGDUANSHEBEITUISONGJINGBAOXINXISHI,YAOSHEZHIYUEDUFANKUIGONGNENG,MEIYOUJISHISHOUDAOYUEDUFANKUISHI,YAOFANFUTUISONG。

ebet官网SAN、JIAQIANGYINGJIBIXIANSHESHI、GONGGONGCHANGSUOWUZHANGAIebetGUANWANG。YOUGUANBUMENYAOZHIDINGWUZHANGAIYINGJISHUSANHEJINJIBIXIANSHESHIBIAOZHUN;GONGYUANLVDI、FANGKONGDONG、XUEXIAO、TIYUCHANG、ZHANLANGUANDENGJINJIBIXIANCHANGSUO,YINGJIBANFANGHUOZHANGPENG、DINGZHIZUZHUANGDEYIYUANDENGYAOBAOZHENGWUZHANGAIHUA,BINGSHEZHIQINGXIYIDONGDEWUZHANGAIBIAOSHI,CHELITONGDAO、LUXIANDEXINXIYUBIAOZHIYAOCAIQUSHENG、GUANGDENGFANGSHICHULI,YIBIANCANJIREN、ERTONG、LAONIANREN、SHANGBINGRENYUANDENGSHIBIE;BINGUAN、YIYUAN、XUEXIAODENGGONGGONGCHANGSUOYAOJIAQIANGWUZHANGAIWEISHENGJIAN、WUZHANGAIDIANTI、WUZHANGAITONGDAODENGWUZHANGAISHESHIebetGUANWANG,SHEZHIYINGJIBIXIANLUTAI、TAOSHENGLOUTIHUOLUOXUANPODAO,BIANYUJINJIZHUANGTAIXIASHIYONG;GULIKEYANJIGOU、QIYEYANFABINGTUIGUANGYINGYONGXIEZHUCANJIREN、LAONIANRENJINJITAOSHENGDEJIANZHUSHESHIHEFUZHUYONGPIN;ZAIJIANZHUZHONGGUANGFANYINGYONGGANYINGTUILAMEN、GANYINGDENG、GANYINGWEISHENGJIEJUDENGGEZHONGGANYINGSHESHI,YIJIANSHAOJIECHUCHUANRAN。

ebet官网SI、TISHENGCANJIRENYINGJIBIXIANebetGUANWANGHEJIUZHUSHUIPING。YAODUIYINGJIJIUZHUDUIWUJINXINGPEIXUN,TIGAOQIWUZHANGAIYISHIHEJIUZHUebetGUANWANGCANJIRENDENENGLIHESHUIPING;KAIZHANCANJIRENYINGJISHUSANYANLIAN,TIGAOYINGJIBIXIANNENGLI;YANJIUJINGSHENCANJIREN、ZHILICANJIRENDENGQUNTIDEYINGJISHUSANXUQIU,JIANLIZHUANXIANGFUZHUZHIDU;BIANXIEGEZHONGANQUANJIAOYUDUBEN,QIANGHUAGONGZHONGTEBIESHICANJIRENDEWEIJIYISHIHEFANGZAIYINGJINENGLI。


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